MEASUREMENT and Ketonuria Glycosuria

Glucose and ketone bodies should not be present in normal urine . However, glucose begins to appear in the urine ( glycosuria ) when glucose ( blood sugar ) exceeds 180 mg / dl. Ketone bodies which are produced in the body in the absence of insulin , blood glucose levels occur in more than 240 mg / dl . Their presence in the urine ( cetonuria ) is a warning , not being able to get treatment in diabetic cetocidoza . When ketone bodies in the blood increases , the patient receives a specific breath halitosis .
Method of measurement of glycosuria and ketonuria is similar to the strip . The results are compared with a standard color reference card . The metabolic balance of diabetes and its monitoring and dosing required ketones and glycosuria .

Materials needed:

  • The collection container
  • gloves
  • strip for measuring specific glycosuria or ketonuria
  • All color reference card standard

 confirmation and verification of patient identity
 patient explains the procedure , especially since the patient is newly diagnosed as diabetic. Patients with diabetes are known for a long time can be taught to harvest home alone .
 check that the patient medication that could alter test results.
 Before each test the patient is taught to not contaminate the urine sample
 Wash hands and put gloves
 required the patient to urinate , and then offered a glass of water and , after 30 -40 minutes are required to urinate again , in the second test will be performed by immersing the test strip that
 required depending on the test strip will be kept in the urine sample according to the prospectus of use , and will be read and interpreted in relation to the reference card .

Special considerations :
 determination of ketone bodies in urine helps in the differential diagnosis between the nondiabetic and diabetic coma and monitoring lipid metabolism .


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