As medicines are administered orally without the risk cheaper and more convenient method of administration , a large proportion of drug treatments are adminstrează in this way .
Thus , in this manner therapies may be administered in the form of tablets, capsules , syrups , elixirs , suspensions, Oil pumps , granules, etc. . Some require specific preparation before Admin : oils , suspensions, granules .
Most of the time, oral medication is prescribed at a dose greater than its parenterally because, absorption in the gastrointestinal tract , some of the medication is destroyed and removed by the liver before entering the systemic circulation.
Normal oral drug dose for an adult can be dangerous for an elderly person or child. Oral therapy is contraindicated in patients unconscious , those who have vomiting and those who for various reasons can not swallow .
- prescribed medication
- container for drugs
- glass of water or juice for children
carefully checked by a doctor prescribed medication and compared to that received by the pharmacy
check the expiry date of medicines
confirming patient identity
Check the condition of the patient ( conscious) and vital signs . A change in status, may justify changing or canceling medications (eg , antihypertensives will not be given to a patient with hypotension )
medication is administered together with water or other suitable liquid
syrups not be used with water to reduce the effect of not
if necessary , will break the tablet in order to facilitate their absorption
will stay until the next patient will swallow the medicine and if needed , check opening his mouth .
It will come back to check the status of the patient within one hour
Special considerations :
assistance will ensure that the doctor has written medication , requesting information necessary time and Admin mode if necessary. There will never administer medication through verbal indication
will announce unmanaged doctor for any medication for various reasons or adverse
liquid medicines requires attention to dosage
will not ever administer a drug from unlabeled vial . Do not ever label a bottle than by the pharmacist
medication will not leave again with anybody . The patient may inadvertently else or a colleague may arrange otherwise causing confusion and mistakes
narcotic drugs should be supervised by two nurses and must take into account both the specific hospital on their circuit and generally applicable laws relating thereto
if the patient requires medication to details , check again prescription and i will provide the details requested. The patient should be informed about any change in his scheme of treatment
patient should be informed of possible side effects and will be required to announce care team about any changes in condition
will administer iron-based liquid preparations , for example , by a well, to prevent damage to tooth
everything with a straw can administer and unpleasant tasting liquids , as this will come in contact with far fewer taste buds
if the patient can not swallow a tablet or capsule , or it will break if possible, and ask your doctor or pharmacist will provide a liquid version of the same drug.