Posts Tagged health

PATIENT PREPARATION FOR LABORATORY SAMPLING

INTRODUCTION
Biological products may directly affect the diagnosis, treatment and cure of the patient. Nurse is directly responsible for prompt and accurate collection of these samples . In some cases, even if medical assistant is the harvesting , must check sample , prepare the patient , assist physician to help him make that harvests and provide specific care to the patient after harvest. There are certain tests that the patient should be instructed to and you can do yourself ( glycemic glucotest ) .

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PNEUMOTORAXUL

definition :
Intrapleural air collection consecutive burglary visceral pleura .

Pathogenesis :
1. seemingly primitive – exclusion diagnosis of lung , forming and breaking of apical vesicles subpleurale
2 . secondary to underlying lung disease or trauma
It may be unilateral or bilateral .
Classification by pathogenic mechanism :
a) traumatic pneumothorax – intrapleural pressure < atmospheric pressure
Movement: Read the rest of this entry »

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Central venous catheterization

Overview

Central venous catheter or vascular access device is a long tube , thin and flexible , used for administering medicinal substances , fluids , nutrients or blood products for long periods , usually several weeks or more.
The catheter is inserted through the skin into a vein in the neck or chest . Is pushed through the vein until it reaches a vein near the heart.

Central venous catheters are used for:
– Long-term administration of treatments for pain, infection , cancer , or dietary supplements ;
– Central venous catheter can be maintained longer than a peripheral venous catheter through which medication is administered at the level of superficial veins ( under the skin )
– Medicinal products acting heart , especially if you want a quick Read the rest of this entry »

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Polytrauma

Severe acute polytrauma represent states arising from accidents of mechanical , thermal or electrical and characterized by multiple lesions affecting organ systems or different regions ( at least two) of the body.

Polytrauma represents approximately 50% of all injuries . After WHO statistics , polytrauma is the third cause of death ( after cardiovascular disease and cancer ) . In peacetime , the commonest causes of polytrauma are accidents ( 90%), work accidents , sports accidents and catastrophes .

Politraumatizaţii can be divided into :
1 ) polytrauma that vital functions are altered with imminence of cardiopulmonary arrest ;
2 ) polytrauma that do not require extreme emergency measures , allow 1-2 hours for investigation ;
3 ) polytrauma allowing sufficient time for the diagnosis .
There are two stages of treatment for Read the rest of this entry »

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Chest Trauma

1. Classification of thoracic traumatismelot

Thoracic injuries are injuries to the chest and inside the viscera caused by a traumatic agent .
For proper conduct traumatic thoracic injuries should be known variant of anatomical lesions , pathogenic mechanisms and physiological disorders . Therefore in thoracic trauma are three classifications :
I. Anatomical classification :
a) parietal thoracic injuries may be :
– With bone injuries ( rib fractures , clavicular ) ;
– No bone injuries ( bruises , abrasions , hematomas ) .
b ) Injury diaphragm can be : Read the rest of this entry »

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Hernias , Incisional Hernias , Evisceraţii

1. Hernias – definition and composition pathological exam

Hernia is an organ exteriorization of the abdominal cavity through a weakness in the abdominal wall skin integrity .
The main causes of hernia are represented by small efforts , repeated from chronic bronchitis , chronic constipation , micturition efforts of patients with obstruction subvezical , obesity in repeated tasks , etc. Predisposing factors mention the role of heredity , nutrition conditions , environmental conditions and work ( physical work ) and state – pelvic abdominal wall musculature . But the key factor is the effort in the most active period of life, the majority of Read the rest of this entry »

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Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Definition and causes

Upper gastrointestinal bleeding ( HDS ) is an emergency surgical blood loss represented by the upper segments of the digestive tract (esophagus stomach , duodenum ), which may protrude or by haematemesis or melaena .
Haematemesis = vomiting blood ;
Melaena = loss of blood through defecation . The seat has the appearance of oil.
HDS causes digestive problems or extradigestive be .
Digestive disorders :
• oesophageal
⁃ ruptured esophageal varices ;
⁃ benign and malignant tumors ;
⁃ esophageal ulcer ;
⁃ erosive esophagitis ;
⁃ or iatrogenic trauma by foreign body ( endoscopic exploration , biopsy , dilatation ) ;
⁃ Mallory -Weiss syndrome ; Read the rest of this entry »

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